- Regulation refers to whole process of control or guidance by established rules and procedures, applied by governments and other political/ administrative and authorities or medias. (www.le.ac.uk)
- Management of what is arguably key economic resource in the emerging “information society” with a very high dependence on all forms of communication.
Why are media regulated?
- The protection of individual and sectional rights/ interests that might be harmed by unrestricted use of public means of communication
- The protection of public order and support for instructions of government and justice
- Maintaining conditions for effective operation of free markets in media services, especially competition/ access/protection of consumers/ stimulating innovation and expansion.
Issues of media regulation (primary issues)
- The protection of public order and society of the state.
- Maintaining respect for public mores in matters of taste and decency
- Respecting human rights of expression and protection from insult and prejudice
- Preventing harm to society especially by way of harm to children and young people from undesirable content
- Maintaining cultural standards and supporting the national or regional culture/ language
Newspaper press-Two main types of regulation of newspaper press
- Essentially negative and reactive, designed to counter threats to press independence and diversity
- The other is positive and enabling
- 1. When do not come from government, natural processes market concentration/ powerful economic/ political forces to stop press/ speaking out
- 2. (more positive) type of regulation involves giving some kind of economics support to some or all newspapers
Media censorship affects news you see- (http://www.thebalance.com)
- many choices designed to keep some information from becoming public
- When a minor commits a crime his identity is concealed to protect him from future harm
Avoiding graphic details/ images
- Choice to describe details of a crime that helps the audience understand without offending readers/viewers
- Exceptions, in most cases editor crosses out information of a extremely violent or sexual nature not to sanitize the news, but to keep it from harming the audience.
Concealing secret information
- U.s Military, intelligence and diplomatic operations function with certain amounts of secrecy
- That confidentially is regularly challenged by whistleblowers anti- government groups or others who want to remove the lid on various aspects (targetgdpi.com)
For/ against media censorship
- Freedom of speech whats the point of right to speak if no one will listen
- modified truth censoring of information may lead to a wrong information perceived by the public
- Media influence- heavily influenced by what we see by media
- all have similar perspectives of things
- media censorship for children
- young minds can’t differentiate between real and make believe
- Media reduces broadcasting the amount of violence on the media to be censored for children.